TMS is a form of brain stimulation where a magnetic field (about the same strength as in an MRI scan) is used to change the activity of brain cells in specific brain areas. TMS can be used against treatment-resistant depression and is approved by the FDA. When treating depression with TMS, a coil is placed on the forehead to target the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of the brain. A TMS procedure typically lasts for 30-60 minutes and a full treatment includes 20-30 procedures. No anesthesia or muscle relaxants are needed and the patient is fully awake through the procedures.
Read more about Can Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) treat depression? – Your complete guide to TMS and tDCS for depression
ECT is a form of brain stimulation where a brief electric current is administered to the brain to induce a controlled seizure while