Are there different types of depression?

Some types of depression have special traits or develop under special circumstances, for example:

  • Persistent depressive disorder (Dysthymia): A type of depression that extends over a long period of time. The depressed mood and other depressive symptoms last for at least two years. 
  • Postpartum depression: When a depressive episode occurs during pregnancy or after delivery. Read more about What is postpartum depression.
  • Psychotic depression: A severe type of depression in combination with delusions or hallucinations, for example seeing or hearing upsetting things that others don’t perceive. 
  • Seasonal affective disorder: When the onset of depression is triggered by seasonal changes. Typically, this type of depression returns every winter and lifts during spring when there is more natural sunlight.

Related questions

What is treatment-resistant depression?

Treatment-resistant depression occurs when a patient has undergone one or several evidence-based treatments for depression (such as taking antidepressant medication) without result. You